How to Make Everyday Anglo-Saxon Bread: Version 2 (Hearthcakes or “Kichells”)

I found this fascinating, and I’m going to be following all the links and looking for other blogs by the same writer.

The Early English Bread Project

Screen Shot 2017-05-13 at 10.00.45 Those round things in the lower left are the hearthcakes.  This supposed peasant woman is admonishing King Alfred for burning them, though they don’t look burnt to me.  And why is she making peasant hearthcakes if she’s rich enough to own that fancy carved wooden thing behind her?

In the last post on everyday Anglo-Saxon bread, I talked about making bread on a bakestone or griddle on the fire. It is worth emphasizing again: for as much as eight hundred years, from the fifth century up to the thirteenth or fourteenth (and for centuries more in some areas of Britain), this would have been the familiar, everyday bread known to everyone in the kingdom. More affluent people ate leavened bread instead — or in addition. But everyone would have regarded this basic flat bread as familiar, completely normal bread. You did not need an oven to make it, and you…

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Is DJT Ready to be President? IMHO, No!

Today is the last full day of B. H. Obama’s term. Tomorrow, about lunch time, D. J. Trump will be sworn in as President of the United States. In my opinion, DJT is not qualified for the position, and I strongly suspect he will last less than two years before resigning, being impeached, or death. (Irish betting site Paddy Power is giving 8 to 1 odds that DJT won’t last six months in the White House.) However, as of tomorrow, he will be the president, and I will try to respect the office, as little as I trust the man who will hold it. I have friends and relatives who say I’m overreacting. A writing acquaintance thinks he’ll be a good leader. An old high school classmate says I’m unfair in not giving him a chance. I have relatives who admit DJT is imperfect, but still think HRC would have been worse.

I hope they’re right and I’m wrong. For the sake of our future, for the sake of our nation, I hope to high Heaven I’m wrong.

Donald Trump at a political rally in San Jose, CA.

[Photo by Elijah Nouvelage/Getty Images,  from my  Reagan endorsed over Trump article]

I, personally, am in little danger from DJT. I am too old and too chubby to attract him, and unlikely to ever meet him in person. I’m WASP, so I have less to fear than my African-American, Native American, atheist, Jewish, and Pagan friends. I have pre-existing health conditions, but not nearly as serious as some of my friends, who face death and/or bankruptcy if the Affordable Care Act is repealed without a suitable replacement ready to put in its place. But I have a son who just signed up with Selective Service (couldn’t apply to a state college without proof of doing so) and the man who will be Commander in Chief in approximately 24 hours has a thin skin, a short temper, and an apparent inability to take what he perceives as an insult without responding.

I know we’ve had presidents who were adulterers before, and some of them were good leaders, despite their despicable personal habits. I don’t remember any presidents who were as indiscreet about their infidelity as DJT has been with his three wives.

Donald Trump with third wife, Melania Trump.

[Photo by Joshua Lott/Getty Images, from my Trump’s feud with Cruz article]

President Grant went bankrupt after his presidency (presidents did not receive a pension at the time), but DJT has had six bankruptcies already. One or two could be understandable, but six, for a successful businessman, seems excessive.

“Like master, like man.” Many of his choices for his administration are unqualified for their posts. Many have conflicts of interest. Many have ungenerous opinions on LGBT civil rights and feminism. Indeed, many of my friends fear a President Pence more than they fear a President Trump.

I find Trump’s “bromance” with Putin troubling. I find the probability of Russian meddling with the American election disgusting.

What concerns me most are his ethics and character. DJT has had hundreds of lawsuits filed against him because of breaking contracts and not paying his bills. Any businessman will face some lawsuits, of course, both as a plaintiff and as a defendant, but DJT has decades of complaints that he has welched on debts and not paid employees and subcontractors what they were owed. His charitable foundation is under investigation for fraud. He made generous donations to state attorney generals who then conveniently dropped investigating the Trump University case, which wound up being settled out of court. He has multiple conflicts of interest, from the North Dakota pipeline to foreign debts. If he’s not an ethical businessman, how can he be an ethical president?

His character is “unpresidented.” He switches opinions like a weather vane, then denies his former statements, even when it’s recorded. He does not seem to know the difference between truth or falsehood, or if he knows, he does not care. Mrs. Clinton said he was too thin-skinned to be commander in chief, and for once, I agree with her. DJT is short-tempered, thin-skinned, and quick to respond (and overreact) to perceived insults. Those who know him claim his attention span is very short. He refuses to read long reports, wanting complex information condensed down to a single page. It is rumored he does not read books. He prefers Twitter over any other method of communication. He has a history of racist and misogynistic comments.

I am not a psychologist, so I cannot say whether he has Narcissistic Personality Disorder. I can say that he appears very self-centered and mean-spirited.

I am frightened for my country with Donald J. Trump in the White House. I hope I am wrong; I fear I am not.

[Feature Image via Pixabay]

Common English Surnames

I found this very useful for my current project, Damaris in Distress, especially the bits on prefixes and suffixes.

Cheryl Bolen's Regency Ramblings

For this week’s blog I’ve gone through my nineteenth-century Burke’s Peerage to compile a list of what I consider to be quintessentially English surnames.

During the years I’ve been writing novels set in Regency England, I have had a habit of giving most of my characters two-syllable British-sounding surnames. For example, my heroes have had names like Wycliff, Radcliff, Sedgewick, Allen, Pembroke, Warwick, Rutledge, and Agar. All of these names were proper British names. My perusal of surnames from nineteenth-century Britain seemed to justify that the most common names in the country, indeed, consisted of two syllables.

Some more common two-syllable names revealed in my recent examination include Wraxall, Balfour, Fletcher, Sempill, Stanhope, Crauford, Hervey, Mostyn, Sullyard, Stewart, Talbot, Sinclair, Seymour, Selkirk, and Cooper.

Frequently Used Suffixes

I also discovered a proliferation of common prefixes and suffixes of common English surnames. Let’s examine the suffixes first because, in my opinion, they’re…

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Advent 2016 Word a Day Challenge

My church is sponsoring an Advent Word a Day challenge.  The pastor has given us a list of 28 words, one from every day from November 27, the first Sunday of Advent, to December 24, Christmas Eve.  The challenge is to:

  1. Think about the word.  What does it mean to you?
  2. Take a picture of something that represents the word and share it on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc. using the hashtag #TUMCAdvent2016.
  3. Be blessed by what others on the same Advent journey share.

Advent, after all, is not just a time for shopping for presents and decorating.  It’s a time for mentally,  emotionally, and spiritually preparing for Christmas.

So far I have posted a picture of Norman Rockwell’s Freedom of Speech painting for freedom, a YouTube link to Peter, Paul, and Mary performing the Hanukkah song “Light One Candle” for light, a photograph of a rainbow over the Isle of Skye for hope, a Tolkien quotation for lost, etc.

If you’d like to join along, here’s the word list.  I’ve been doing the Word a Day Challenge on my personal Facebook account, but not my professional account, and on Twitter @WriterMacdonald.

November 27 — hope  [First Sunday of Advent]

November 28 — freedom

November 29 — comfort

November 30 — lost

December 1 — wait

December 2 — light

December 3 —  look

December 4 — love  [Second Sunday of Advent]

December 5 — promise

December 6 — open  [St. Nicholas’ Day]

December 7 — darkness

December 8 — justice

December 9 — awake

December 10 — bless

December 11 — joy  [Third Sunday of Advent]

December 12 — delight  [Feast Day of Our Lady of Gaudalupe]

December 13 — pray  [St. Lucia’s Day]

December 14 — announce

December 15 — bring

December 16 — story

December 17 — dawn

December 18 — peace  [Fourth Sunday of Advent]

December 19 — follow

December 20 — near

December 21 — praise  [Winter Solstice]

December 22 — watch

December 23 — prepare

December 24 — rejoice  [Christmas Eve]

The featured image was the meditation photo for the First Sunday of Advent, and was taken by Marcus McAdam.

New Website!

Highland Heather Press has a new website! Highland Heather Press and Highland Heather Travel will be sharing a website: highlandheather.net.

Highland Heather Press is my small press (minuscule might be more accurate) for self-publishing. It’s already issued its first e-book, a collection of western short stories called Knee-High Drummond and the Durango Kid.  Due to some computer problems, my first children’s book, R is for Renaissance Faire, has been delayed, but I hope to have it out in both paperback and on Kindle by Memorial Day.

Highland Heather Travel is my husband’s outside-sales travel agency.  He’s a part-time travel agent who wants to be a full-time travel agent.

Legions of Leaplings

Slant News is going out of business.  I am therefore reposting my Slant articles on my personal blog, lest they be lost to posterity.

This article was originally published as “Leap Day Siblings Aren’t Just Uncommon, They’re Miracles?” on March 5, 2016.

Q:  What do you call someone born on February 29th?

A:  A leapling.

Q:  What’s better than one leapling in the family?

A:  Leapling siblings.

The odds of a baby being born on Leap Day are one in 1,461. This week, three American families who already had leapling children were blessed with a second leapling child.

Brandi Ellison of Bismarck, ND, gave birth to her second child, Abigail, on February 29, 2016. She and her husband Christopher were pleased and delighted, especially since their firstborn daughter, Annabelle, was born February 29, 2012.

I think we should play the lottery. It’s pretty crazy, we had no idea. When we first found out we were expecting with Abigail it was. We started figuring dates and it was like, ‘No way it’ll happen,’ and here we are,” said Brandi Ellison.

Jennifer Ginn of Lakewood, CO, gave birth to her son Antonio on Leap Day, 2016. Twelve years earlier, she and her husband Anthony had a son Giovanni. Antonio was born on his brother’s third birthday. The Ginns’ other four children have their birthdays scattered around the calendar.

Melissa Croff of Columbus, MI, gave birth to her second daughter, Evelyn, four years and a few minutes after her firstborn, Eliana. Evelyn was born February 29, 2016 at 3:06 a.m. Eliana was born February 29, 2012, at 3:33 a.m. Melissa said she and her husband Chad were “really excited and happy.”
This is the first Leap Day since she was married that Louise Estes of Payson, UT, that she isn’t spending the day in the hospital. Louise and David Estes have five children, three of whom are leaplings. Xavier Estes was born February 29, 2004. Remington Estes was born February 29, 2008. Jade Estes was born February 29, 2012. The Estes are one of only two families in the world known to have three leapling children. The Henriksen family of Norway had Leap Day babies in 1960, 1964, and 1968.

Leaplings can be parents and children, as well as siblings. For parents and children to share a Leap Day birthday, the odds are two million to one.

Michelle Birnbaum and her daughter Rose are both leaplings. Michelle Birnbaum of Saddle River, NJ, is 36 years old; she just celebrated her ninth birthday. Her daughter Rose is eight years old and just celebrated her second birthday.

Fred and Eric Shekoufeh, of La Mesa, California,  were both born on February 29. The father is 60 years old and the son is 20 years old. Fred is celebrating his 15th birthday and Eric his fifth birthday.

The odds of a baby being born on February 29 are one in 1,461. That makes leaplings above average.

Is Orange the New Black?

Slant News is going out of business.  I am therefore reposting my Slant articles on my personal blog, lest they be lost to posterity.

This article was originally published as “Why Don’t We Talk About Redheads When We Talk About Diversity in Hollywood?” on March 3, 2016.

It’s happened again. Another redhead “bites the dust.” Sarah Shahi has been cast to play Nancy Drew in a new CBS show. Cue the soundman: someone start playing Queen.

 

Hollywood claims they want more diversity. Yet it seems like every time Hollywood engages in “racelifting” or “racebending,” it’s a redhead who’s forfeited in favor of an actor who is a “person of color” (POC).

 

Half-Iranian, half-Spanish, most people would not consider Sarah Shahi a POC. However, she’s certainly not the plucky titian-haired teenager whose adventures we all read in our younger days. CBS Entertainment President Glenn Geller announced that he wanted the star of the new show Drew to be “diverse” and that when it came to casting actresses, “I’d be open to any ethnicity.” In fact, Drew will focus on Det. Nancy Drew, now grown up and working for the New York City Police Department, not a teenage amateur investigator assisting her lawyer father.

Race-lifting has made a fair amount of headlines lately, ever since Netflix announced it was casting British actor Finn Jones as Danny Rand, the superhero code-named Iron Fist.

 

 

Many fans thought it was past time to correct the problems of cultural appropriation by having Iron Fist played by an Asian American actor. A letter to the editor that Hugo-nominee William F. Wu wrote in 1974 has been making the rounds on Twitter, complaining then that Marvel had missed an opportunity by not making Iron Fist of Asian heritage to begin with.

There have been complaints that Iron Fist isn’t being played by an Asian or Asian-American actor and there have been complaints that people are complaining about a blond, blue-eyed character being played by a white actor.

Had Netflix chosen John Kim or Godfrey Gao to play Daniel Rand, would it have been any worse than Samuel L. Jackson playing Nick Fury? There’s been quite a few characters who were white in canon, but are now African-American. Most of them were redheads originally: orange is the new Black.

 

Who’s been transmogrified from redhead to African-American?

 

 

Pete Ross, Smallville (redhead)

 

Jimmy Olson, Supergirl (redhead)

 

Little Orphan Annie, Annie (redhead)

 

Ellis “Red” Redding, The Shawshank Redemption (redhead)

 

Harvey Dent, Batman (reddish-brown, depending on the artist)

 

 

Other characters who’ve been race-bent in the name of diversity include:

 

Nick Fury, MCU movies (brown hair or auburn-brown, depending on the artist)

 

Aqualad, Young Justice (black hair)

 

Heimdell, Thor (brown hair)

 

Kingpin, Daredevil (bald)

 

Human Torch, Fantastic Four (blond hair)

 

Redheads aren’t the only group being race-bent into African American characters, but despite making up roughly 2% of the world’s population, redheads seem more likely to be the characters retconned in the interest of diversity. Why?

{The spacing isn’t quite right on this version of the article, but I’ll try to tidy that up later.  Right now I’m just trying to preserve the words and thoughts.}

A Culture Addicted to FREE—How FREE is Poisoning the Internet & Killing the Creatives

I had planned to have my next blog brag about my most recent Inquistr articles (Sam Riley and Gay marriage). I considered discussing the New Hampshire primaries, and how John Kasich moved ahead of Ted Cruz. Then I read this article, and I knew I HAD to share it. It’s important.

Kristen Lamb's Blog

Image used with permission from the creator Ira Gelb. Image “Not for Sale” used with permission from the creator Ira Gelb who’s an activist in stopping Human Trafficking but authorized this image for use outside.

It’s funny, at various junctures I’ve felt propelled to tackle certain topics, even when that made me very unpopular. My biggest leviathan to date has been this notion of artists being expected to work for free, and I believe the reason that this topic is weighing so heavily on me is that, for the first time in years I’m no longer enthusiastic about our future.

In fact, I’m downright frightened, because of THIS.

I Feel Sick

Yesterday morning on my Facebook, a friend shared this open letter to Oprah Winfrey from a local performer in the Bay Area, Revolva, whose act caught the attention of mega-icon Oprah Winfrey.

Oprah was holding The Life You Want conference and the producers contacted Revolva to see if she…

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